Curriculum Vitae - Short

Prof. Roberto Merletti, Ph.D.

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Personal data

Roberto Merletti
Place and date of birth
Torino, 6 Marzo 1945
Office address di Elettronica, Politecnico di Torino
Corso Duca degli Abruzzi 24 Torino, 10129
tel. 011 090 7763 oppure 011 0904137,
E-mail: [email protected]
Last position
Full Professor of Biomedical Engineering at the Dept. of Electronics, Politecnico di Torino, Italy (retired Nov 2015).
Director of the Lab. for Engineering of the Neuromuscular System (LISiN), Politecnico di Torino, Italy (retired Nov 2015).

University Education

1968Politecnico di Torino “Laurea” in Electronic Engineering
1970The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, U.S.A. Master of Science
1972The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, U.S.A., Doctoral Degree (PhD)

Main teaching activities

1997 - 2015Director of the Laboratory for Engineering of the Neuromuscular System. Teaching of doctoral courses.
2005 - 2015Full Professor of Biomedical Engineering at the Dept of Electronics, Politecnico di Torino, Italy. Teaching of “Biomedical Instrumentation”, “Engineering of the Neuromuscular System”, “Rehabilitation Engineering”.
1984 - 2005Associate Professor of Biomedical Engineering at the Dept of Electronics, Politechnic of Torino, Italy
1989 - 1994Associate Professor of “Biomedical Instrumentation” and of “Biomedical Signal Processing” Department of Biomedical Eng., Boston University, USA
1979 - 1984Assistant Professor of "Biomedical Instrumentation" at Polit. di Torino

Main activities in research and industry

2000 - 2016Supervisor of 10 PhD fellows (Brasil, Cina, Indonesia, Iran, Italy, Pakistan)
1997 - 2015Director of the Laboratory for Engineering of the Neuromuscular System.
2008 - 2012Coordinator of the Project “Technologies for Anal Sphincter analysis and Incontinence” (TASI), Compagnia di San Paolo, Torino
2005 - 2008
  • Coordinator of the Marie Curie Project “Decomposition of multichannel surface electromyograms” (DEMUSE)
  • Partner of the European project “Cybernetic Manufacturing Systems” (CyberManS),
  • Coordinator of the ESA Project “Microgravity Effects on Skeletal Muscles”
  • Partner of the ASI Project “Osteoporosis and Muscle atrophy” (OSMA)
2005 - 2007Coordinator of National Project (PRIN) “Study of Muscular and Adrenocortical Responses to Training”
2001 - 2004
  • Coordinator of the European project “Neuromuscular Assessment of the Elderly worker” (NEW, 2001-2004)
  • Partner of the European project “On Asymmetry In Sphincters” (OASIS)
1997 - 2000Partner and Member of the Management Committee of the European Concerted action “Surface Electromyography for Non Invasive EMG” (SENIAM).
1998 - 2001Partner and Member of the Management Committee of the European Concerted action PROCID
1989 - 1994Research activity at the Neuromuscular Research Center of Boston University (USA)
1973 - 1979Research activity at the company "Sorin Biomedica" in the fields of cardiac and neuromuscular stimulation

Services to the Scientific Community

Associate Editor of Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology.

Member of the Editorial Board of Biomedical signal processing and control

Former member of the Editorial Board of IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering.

Former member of the Editorial Board of European J. of Applied Physiology

Former member of the Editorial Board of Physiological Measurement

Guest Editor of a Special Issue of Medical Engineering and Physics (July 1999)

Guest Editor of a Special Issue of Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology (October 2000)

Guest Editor of a Special Issue of Physiological Measurement (2009)

President of the Congress of Biomedical Engineering in Exercise and Sport (Torino, 2006)

President of the Congress of the International Society for Electrophysiology and Kinesiology (June 2006)

Recognitions and Honors:

Senior Member of The Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE)

Fellow of the Intern. Society for electromyography and kinesiology (ISEK)

Summary of publications

Books 4
Chapters in international books 5
Chapters in national books 7
Publications in peer-reviewed international journals>150
Publications on National Journals 30
Publications in Proceedings of Intern. Congresses>150
Publications in Proceedings of National. Congresses20


Four patents registered by Politecnico di Torino

Publications: Books and Chapters of Books

  1. Hermens H., Freriks B, Merletti R., Stegeman D., Blok J., Rau G., Disselhorst-Klug C., Hagg G., European Recommendations for Surface Electromyography, RRD publish. ISBN 90-75452-15-2, 1999.
  2. Hermens H., Freriks B, Merletti R., Stegeman D., Blok J., Rau G., Disselhorst-Klug C., Hagg G., Raccomandazioni Europee per l’Elettromiografia di Superficie, Edizione italiana a cura di R. Merletti, Coop. Lib. Univ. Torinese (CLUT), ISBN 88-7992-1525, 2000
  3. Merletti (editor) , Elementi di elettromiografia di superficie, Coop. Lib. Univ. Torinese (CLUT), ISBN 88-7922-153-3, 2000
  4. Pozzo M., Farina D., Merletti R., Electromyography: detection, processing and applications, in: Handbook of biomedical technology and devices, J. E. Moore (ed.), CRC Press, 2003
  5. Farina D., Filligoi G.C., Merletti R., Analisi di segnali EMG di superficie per lo studio del controllo motorio. In “Bioingegneria della postura e del movimento” Cappello A., Cappozzo A., di Prampero P.E. (Eds.), Patron Editore (Pub.), pp. 281-306, 2003
  6. Merletti R., Medicina del lavoro: valutazioni tramite EMG di superficie. In “Bioingegneria della postura e del movimento” Cappello A., Cappozzo A., di Prampero P.E. (Eds.), Patron Editore (Pub.), pp. 495-510, 2003
  7. Merletti R., Marchetti M., Contardo V., Veronica M., Applicazioni dell’EMG di superficie in riabilitazione sportiva, cap. 4.7 del testo “La Spalla e lo Sport”, Masson,
  8. Merletti R., Parker P.A. (edts.), Electromyography: Physiology, engineering and non invasive applications, IEEE Press / J Wiley, USA, 2004
  9. Rainoldi A., Minetto M., Merletti R. (edtrs), Biomedical Engineering in exercise and sports Edizioni Minerva Medica, Torino 2006, Italy
  10. Barbero R., Rainoldi A, Merletti R. Atlas of muscle innervation zones: understanding surface EMG and its applications, Springer, Italy 2012
  11. Merletti R., Pelvic floor EMG: principles, technique and applications, Ch 7 of “ Childbirth related pelvic floor dysfunctions”, Springer, 2016.
  12. Merletti R, Farina D. (edts) Surface Electromyography: physiology, engineering and applications, IEEE Press / J Wiley, USA, May 2016

Main recent publications on peer reviewed international journals (2010-2020).

  1. Vieira T., Windhorst U., Merletti R., Is the stabilization of quiet upright stance in humans driven by synchronized and similar modulations of the activity of medial and lateral gastrocnemius muscles? .J. Appl. Physiol. 2010; 108: 85-97
  2. Enck P, Franz H, Davico E, Mastrangelo F, Mesin L, Merletti R., Repeatability of Innervation Zone Identification in the External Anal Sphincter Muscle, Neurourol. and Urodynamics, 2010; 29: 449-457.
  3. Mesin L., Merlo E., Merletti R., Orizio C., Investigation of motor unit recruitment during stimulated contractions of tibialis anterior muscle, J. Electromyogr. Kinesiol. 2010;20:580-589.
  4. Vieira TMM, Merletti R, Mesin L. Automatic segmentation of surface EMG images: Improving the estimation of neuromuscular activity. J. Biomech. 2010;43:2149-2158.
  5. Farina D., Holobar A., Merletti R., Enoka R., Decoding the neural drive to muscles from the surface electromyogram, Clinical neurophysiology, 2010 , (doi; 10.1016. 2009.10040, ahead of print).
  6. Merletti R. The electrode-skin interface and optimal detection of bioelectric signals. Physiol. Meas. 2010;31:3.
  7. Merletti R, Aventaggiato M, Botter A, Holobar A, Marateb HR, Vieira TMM. Advances in surface EMG: recent progress in detection and processing techniques. Crit. Rev. Biomed. Eng. 2010;38:305-345.
  8. Merletti R, Botter A, Cescon C, Minetto MA, Vieira TMM. Advances in surface EMG: recent progress in clinical research applications. Crit. Rev. Biomed. Eng. 2010;38:347-379.
  9. Barbero M, Gatti R, Lo Conte L, Macmillan F, Coutts F, Merletti R. Reliability of surface EMG matrix in locating the innervation zone of upper trapezius muscle. J. Electromyogr. Kinesiol. 2011;21:827-833.
  10. Cescon C, Mesin L, Nowakowski M, Merletti R. Geometry assessment of anal sphincter muscle based on monopolar multichannel surface EMG signals. J. Electromyogr. Kinesiol. 2011;21:394-401.
  11. Gallina A, Merletti R, Vieira TMM. Are the myoelectric manifestations of fatigue distributed regionally in the human medial gastrocnemius muscle? J. Electromyogr. Kinesiol. 2011;21:929-938.
  12. Marateb HR, McGill KC, Holobar A, Lateva ZC, Mansourian M, Merletti R. Accuracy assessment of CKC high-density surface EMG decomposition in biceps femoris muscle. J. Neural Eng. 2011;8:066002.
  13. Marateb HR, Muceli S, McGill KC, Merletti R, Farina D. Robust decomposition of single-channel intramuscular EMG signals at low force levels. J. Neural Eng. 2011;8:066015.
  14. Merletti R, Botter A, Lanfranco F, Minetto MA. Spinal involvement and muscle cramps in electrically elicited muscle contractions. Artif. Organs. 2011;35:221-225.
  15. Mesin L, Merletti R, Vieira TMM. Insights gained into the interpretation of surface electromyograms from the gastrocnemius muscles: A simulation study. J. Biomech. 2011;44:1096-1103.
  16. Vieira TMM, Loram ID, Muceli S, Merletti R, Farina D. Postural activation of the human medial gastrocnemius muscle: are the muscle units spatially localised? J. Physiol. 2011;589:431-443.
  17. Piitulainen H, Botter A, Merletti R, Avela J. Muscle fiber conduction velocity is more affected after eccentric than concentric exercise. Eur. J. Appl. Physiol. 2011;111:261-273.
  18. Vieira TMM, Loram ID, Muceli S, Merletti R, Farina D. Recruitment of motor units in the medial gastrocnemius muscle during human quiet standing: is recruitment intermittent? What triggers recruitment? J. Neurophysiol. 2012;107:666-676.
  19. Marateb HR, Rojas-Martínez M, Mansourian M, Merletti R, Villanueva MA. Outlier detection in high-density surface electromyographic signals. Med. Biol. Eng. Comput. 2012;50:79-89.
  20. Watanabe K, Kouzaki M, Merletti R, Fujibayashi M, Moritani T. Spatial EMG potential distribution pattern of vastus lateralis muscle during isometric knee extension in young and elderly men. J. Electromyogr. Kinesiol. 2012;22:74-9.
  21. Bonfiglioli R, Botter A, Calabrese M, Mussoni P, Violante FS, Merletti R. Surface electromyography features in manual workers affected by carpal tunnel syndrome. Muscle Nerve. 2012;45:873-82.
  22. Barone U, Merletti R. Design of a portable, intrinsically safe multichannel acquisition system for high-resolution, real-time processing HD-sEMG. IEEE Trans Biomed Eng. 2013;60:2242-52.
  23. Baudry S, Lanfranco F, Merletti R, Duchateau J, Minetto MA. Effects of Short-Term Dexamethasone Administration on Corticospinal Excitability. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2013 Sep 18. [Epub ahead of print]
  24. Botter A, Vieira TM, Loram ID, Merletti R, Hodson-Tole EF. A novel system of electrodes transparent to ultrasound for simultaneous detection of myoelectric activity and B-mode ultrasound images of skeletal muscles. J Appl Physiol. 2013;115:1203-14.
  25. Gallina A, Merletti R, Gazzoni M. Uneven spatial distribution of surface EMG: what does it mean? Eur J Appl Physiol. 2013;113:887-94.
  26. Gallina A, Ritzel CH, Merletti R, Vieira TM. Do surface electromyograms provide physiological estimates of conduction velocity from the medial gastrocnemius muscle? J Electromyogr Kinesiol. 2013;23:319-25.
  27. Piitulainen H, Botter A, Merletti R, Avela J. Multi-channel electromyography during maximal isometric and dynamic contractions. J Electromyogr Kinesiol. 2013;23:302-10.
  28. Rojas-Martínez M, Mañanas MA, Alonso JF, Merletti R. Identification of isometric contractions based on High Density EMG maps. J Electromyogr Kinesiol. 2013 ;23:33-42.
  29. Watanabe K, Gazzoni M, Holobar A, Miyamoto T, Fukuda K, Merletti R, Moritani T. Motor unit firing pattern of vastus lateralis muscle in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients. Muscle Nerve. 2013;48:806-13.
  30. C. Cescon, E. E. Raimondi, V. Začest, K. Drusany-Starič , K. Martsidis, R. Merletti Characterization of the motor units of the external anal sphincter in pregnant women with multichannel surface EMG, Int. Urogynecol. Journ. 2014; 25:1097–1103
  31. C. Cescon, D. Riva, V. Začesta, K. Drusany-Starič. K. Martsidis, O. Protsepko, K. Baessler, R. Merletti, Effect of vaginal delivery on the external anal sphincter muscle innervation pattern evaluated by multichannel surface EMG: results of the multicentre study TASI-2, Int. Urogynecol Journ. 2014; 25:1491–1499
  32. Farina D, Merletti R, Enoka RM. The extraction of neural strategies from the surface EMG: an update. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2014 Dec 1;117(11):1215-1230.
  33. Piervirgili G, Petracca F, Merletti R. A new method to assess skin treatments for lowering the impedance and noise of individual gelled Ag-AgCl electrodes. Physiol. Meas. 2014;35:2101-18.
  34. Ullah K, Cescon C, Afsharipour B, Merletti R. Automatic detection of motor unit innervation zones of the external anal sphincter by multichannel surface EMG. J Electromyogr Kinesiol. 2014;6:860-867.
  35. Li X, Holobar A, Gazzoni M, Merletti R, Rymer W, Zhou P. Examination of Post-stroke Alteration in Motor Unit Firing Behavior Using High Density Surface EMG Decomposition. IEEE Trans Biomed Eng. 2015;62:1242-1252.
  36. Afsharipour B., Ullah K., Merletti R., Amplitude indicators and spatial aliasing in high density surface electromyography recordings, Biomed. Signal Proc. and Control, 2015; 22: 170-179.
  37. Afsharipour B, Petracca F, Gasparini M, Merletti R. Spatial distribution of surface EMG on trapezius and lumbar muscles of violin and cello players in single note playing. J Electromyogr Kinesiol. 2016; 31: 144-153. 10.1016/j.jelekin.2016.10.003.
  38. Cattarello P., Merletti R. , Petracca F., Analysis of High Density Surface EMG and finger pressure in the left forearm of violin players. Medical Problems of Performing Artists (in press)
  39. Besomi M., Hodges A., Van Dieen J., Carson RG., Clancy E., Disselhorst-Klug C., Holobar A. Hug F.,. Kiernank M., Lowery M., McGill K., Merletti R., Perreault E., Sogaard K., Tucker K., Besiert T., Enoka R., Falla D., Farina D., Gandevia S., Rothwell JC., Vicenzino B., Wrigley T. Consensus for experimental design in electromyography (CEDE) project: electrode selection matrix. Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology, 2019; 48: 128–144.
  40. Merletti R., Muceli S., Tutorial. Surface EMG detection in space and time: best practices. Journ. of Electromyography and Kinesiology, 2019; 49:
  41. Russo A., Aranceta-Garza A., D’Emanuele S., Serafino F., Merletti R., HDsEMG activity of the lumbar erector spinae in violin players: comparison of two chairs. Medical Probl. of Perform. Artists, 2019; 34(4): 205-214, doi: 10.21091/mppa.2019.4034
  42. Merletti R., Cerone G.L. Tutorial. Surface EMG detection, conditioning and pre-processing: best practices, Journ. of Electromyogr. and Kinesiol., 2020; 54 102440, doi:10.1016/j.jelekin.2020.102440
  43. Besomi M, Hodges P., et al. Consensus for experimental design in electromyography (CEDE) project: Amplitude normalization matrix. Journ. of Electromyogr. and Kinesiol.., 2020; 53:102438. doi: 10.1016/j.jelekin.2020.102438.
  44. Campanini I., Disselhorst-Klug C., Rymer W.Z., Merletti R., Surface EMG in Clinical Assessment and Neurorehabilitation: barriers limiting its use. Frontiers in Neurology/Neurorehabilitation, Project 11157 , 2020, doi: 10.3389/fneur.2020.00934
  45. Khorrami Chokami A., Gasparini M., Merletti R. Identification of periodic bursts in surface EMG: applications to the erector spinae muscles of sitting violin players. Biomed. Signal Proc. and Control 2021; 65: 102369. doi
  46. Merlo, A., Montecchi, M.G., Lombardi, F., Vata, X., Musi, A., Lusuardi, M., Merletti, R.; Campanini I. Monitoring involuntary muscle activity in acute patients with upper motor neuron lesion by wearable sensors. A feasibility study. Sensors 2021, 20, (in press).